High production of cold-tolerant chitinases on shrimp wastes in bench-top bioreactor by the Antarctic fungus Lecanicillium muscarium CCFEE 5003: Bioprocess optimization and characterization of two main enzymes
•Antarctic fungus Lecanicillium muscarium chitinase production studied on shrimp and crab wastes.•The fungus produced quite high levels of enzymes on shrimp wastes.•Production of enzymes was optimized in bioreactor by RSM.•Optimized bioprocess in bioreactor yielded 137% more than that in shaken flasks.•Two cold-tolerant chitinolytic enzymes were purified and characterized.
The Antarctic fungus Lecanicillium muscarium CCFEE-5003 was preliminary cultivated in shaken flasks to check its chitinase production on rough shrimp and crab wastes. Production on shrimp shells was much higher than that on crab shells (104.6 ± 9.3 and 48.6 ± 3.1 U/L, respectively). For possible industrial applications, bioprocess optimization was studied on shrimp shells in bioreactor using RSM to state best conditions of pH and substrate concentration. Optimization improved the production by 137% (243.6 ± 17.3). Two chitinolytic enzymes (CHI1 and CHI2) were purified and characterized. CHI1 (MW ca. 61 kDa) showed optima at pH 5.5 and 45 °C while CHI2 (MW ca. 25 kDa) optima were at pH 4.5 and 40 °C. Both enzymes maintained high activity levels at 5 °C and were inhibited by Fe++, Hg++ and Cu++. CHI2 was strongly allosamidin-sensitive. Both proteins were N-acetyl-hexosaminidases (E.C. 220.127.116.11) but showed different roles in chitin hydrolysis: CHI1 could be defined as “chitobiase” while CHI2 revealed a main “eso-chitinase” activity.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 53, Issue 5, 10 October 2013, Pages 331–338