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Genetic profiling of osteoblast-like cells cultured on a novel bone reconstructive material, consisting of poly-l-lactide, carbon nanotubes and microhydroxyapatite, in the presence of bone morphogenetic protein-2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1717 89 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Genetic profiling of osteoblast-like cells cultured on a novel bone reconstructive material, consisting of poly-l-lactide, carbon nanotubes and microhydroxyapatite, in the presence of bone morphogenetic protein-2
Abstract

In bone tissue engineering composite materials have been introduced, combining a degradable polymer matrix with, for instance, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to improve mechanical properties or with microhydroxyapatite (μHA) to improve osteoconduction. The addition of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) can further improve the biological response to the material. However, the influence of such an elaborate composite formation on osteoprogenitor cells is unknown.To examine this, rat bone marrow (RBM) cells were cultured on porous poly-l-lactic acid and composite scaffolds, with or without added BMP-2. Cell proliferation and differentiation were studied using DNA, alkaline phosphatase and scanning electron microscopic analysis. Further, genetic profiles were examined by microarray investigation. Results showed that the composite scaffold had no significant effect on the proliferation of RBM cells, but indicated a negative effect on cell differentiation. The addition of BMP-2 also had no significant effect on the proliferation of RBM cells, but differentiation towards the osteogenic lineage was confirmed. In the arrays results, the addition of BMP-2 alone led to the expression of genes involved in (minor) inflammation. The composite scaffold, and even more distinctly the combination of the composite scaffold with BMP-2, led to the expression of genes, based on gene ontology, connected to tumorigenesis. Therefore, CNT- and μHA-containing composite materials are not recommended as a bone restorative material.

Keywords
In vitro; Genetic profiling; Carbon nanotubes; Hydroxyapatite; Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2)
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Genetic profiling of osteoblast-like cells cultured on a novel bone reconstructive material, consisting of poly-l-lactide, carbon nanotubes and microhydroxyapatite, in the presence of bone morphogenetic protein-2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 11, November 2010, Pages 4352–4360
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us