Enhanced accumulation of starch and total carbohydrates in alginate-immobilized Chlorella spp. induced by Azospirillum brasilense: I. Autotrophic conditions
The effect of the microalgae-growth promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense on accumulation of total carbohydrates and starch in two species of Chlorella (Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella sorokiniana), when the bacterium and each microalga were jointly immobilized in alginate beads was studied under autotrophic conditions for 144 h in synthetic medium. The interaction of the bacterium with the microalgae enhanced accumulation of total carbohydrate and starch. Cells of Chlorella accumulated the highest amounts of carbohydrate after incubation for 24 h. Yet, this did not coincide with the highest affinity and volumetric productivity measured in these cultures. However, after incubation for 72 h, mainly in jointly immobilized treatments of both microalgae species, the cultures reached their highest total carbohydrate content (mainly as starch) and also the highest affinity and volumetric productivity. These results demonstrate the potential of A. brasilense to affect carbohydrates and starch accumulation in Chlorella spp. when both microorganisms are co-cultured, which can be an important tool for applications of microalgae.
► Azospirillum–Chlorella interaction yielded an accumulation of carbohydrates and starch into two species: Chlorella vulgaris and Chlorella sorokiniana. ► Cells of Chlorella accumulated the highest amounts of carbohydrates after incubation for 24 h. ► After incubation for 72 h, mainly in jointly immobilized treatments, the highest carbohydrate content of cultures was reached. ► This has ramifications for important applications of microalgae concerning accumulation of carbohydrates.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 51, Issue 5, 10 October 2012, Pages 294–299