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Fusion of cellulose binding domain from Trichoderma reesei CBHI to Cryptococcus sp. S-2 cellulase enhances its binding affinity and its cellulolytic activity to insoluble cellulosic substrates

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17367 42663 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
Fusion of cellulose binding domain from Trichoderma reesei CBHI to Cryptococcus sp. S-2 cellulase enhances its binding affinity and its cellulolytic activity to insoluble cellulosic substrates
Abstract

Cryptococcus sp. S-2 carboxymethyl cellulase (CSCMCase) is active in the acidic pH and lacks a binding domain. The absence of the binding domain makes the enzyme inefficient against insoluble cellulosic substrates. To enhance its binding affinity and its cellulolytic activity to insoluble cellulosic substrates, cellulose binding domain (CBD) of cellobiohydrolase I (CBHI) from Trichoderma reesei belonging to carbohydrate binding module (CBM) family 1 was fused at the C-terminus of CSCMCase. The constructed fusion enzymes (CSCMCase-CBD and CSCMCase-2CBD) were expressed in a newly recombinant expression system of Cryptococcus sp. S-2, purified to homogeneity, and then subject to detailed characterization. The recombinant fusion enzymes displayed optimal pH similar to those of the native enzyme. Compared with rCSCMCase, the recombinant fusion enzymes had acquired an increased binding affinity to insoluble cellulose and the cellulolytic activity toward insoluble cellulosic substrates (SIGMACELL® and Avicel) was higher than that of native enzyme, confirming the presence of CBDs improve the binding and the cellulolytic activity of CSCMCase on insoluble substrates. This attribute should make CSCMCase an attractive applicant for various application.

► The CSCMCase and fusion enzymes were successfully expressed in Cryptococcus sp. S-2 (-ura5). ► The fusion enzymes were responsible for cellulose-binding capacity. ► The fusion enzymes displayed cellulolytic activity toward insoluble substrates.

Keywords
Cryptococcus sp. S-2; Carboxymethyl cellulase; Carbohydrate binding module; Cellulose binding domain; Cellulolytic activity; Insoluble cellulosic substrate
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Fusion of cellulose binding domain from Trichoderma reesei CBHI to Cryptococcus sp. S-2 cellulase enhances its binding affinity and its cellulolytic activity to insoluble cellulosic substrates
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 52, Issues 4–5, 10 April 2013, Pages 241–246
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us