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A highly active endo-β-1,4-mannanase produced by Cellulosimicrobium sp. strain HY-13, a hemicellulolytic bacterium in the gut of Eisenia fetida

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17501 42673 2011 6 PDF Available
Title
A highly active endo-β-1,4-mannanase produced by Cellulosimicrobium sp. strain HY-13, a hemicellulolytic bacterium in the gut of Eisenia fetida
Abstract

A xylanolytic gut bacterium isolated from Eisenia fetida, Cellulosimicrobium sp. strain HY-13, produced an extracellular glycoside hydrolase capable of efficiently degrading mannose-based substrates such as locust bean gum, guar gum, mannotetraose, and mannopentaose. The purified mannan-degrading enzyme (ManK, 34,926 Da) from strain HY-13 was found to have an N-terminal amino acid sequence of DEATTDGLHVVDD, which has not yet been identified. Under the optimized reaction conditions of 50 °C and pH 7.0, ManK exhibited extraordinary high specific activities of 7109 IU/mg and 5158 IU/mg toward locust bean gum and guar gum, respectively, while the enzyme showed no effect on sugars substituted with p-nitrophenol and various non-mannose carbohydrates. Thin layer chromatography revealed that the enzyme degraded locust bean gum to mannobiose and mannotetraose. No detectable amount of mannose was produced from hydrolytic reactions with the substrates. ManK strongly attached to Avicel, β-cyclodextrin, lignin, and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) granules, but not bound to chitin, chitosan, curdlan, or insoluble oat spelt xylan. The aforementioned characteristics of ManK suggest that it is a unique endo-β-1,4-mannanase without additional carbohydrolase activities, which differentiates it from other well-known carbohydrolases.

Keywords
Cellulosimicrobium sp. strain HY-13; Eisenia fetida; Gut bacterium; Highly active endo-β-1,4-mannanase; Mannan-degrading enzyme
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A highly active endo-β-1,4-mannanase produced by Cellulosimicrobium sp. strain HY-13, a hemicellulolytic bacterium in the gut of Eisenia fetida
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 48, Issues 4–5, 7 April 2011, Pages 365–370
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us