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Effect of microbial composition on thermophilic acid fermentation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17583 42681 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of microbial composition on thermophilic acid fermentation
Abstract

A continuous thermophilic acid fermentation experiment was performed using kitchen garbage to investigate relationship between microbial composition and products in acid fermentation processes. Hydrogen fermentation occurred under the longer SRT condition, and when SRT was set at shorter, lactate production increased, and butyrate and hydrogen production decreased. Simultaneously, microbial composition change from Clostridium spp. to Bacillus spp., especially Bacillus coagulans was observed using random cloning method. Clear relationship between B. coagulans ratio and lactate concentration was obtained, but random cloning method is time and cost consuming, and not preciously quantitative. Applicability of real-time PCR quantification to monitor change in B. coagulans in kitchen garbage fermentation was verified. Acid fermentation produces many kinds of organic acids such as lactate, butyrate and acetate, and hydrogen gas, and similar operational conditions are proposed for hydrogen and lactate fermentations. Real-time PCR quantification methods would be useful for developing a new monitoring tool for acid fermentation, especially with complex substrates, where many kinds of bacteria compete with each other in the same reactor.

Keywords
Thermophilic fermentation of kitchen garbage; Bio-hydrogen; Lactate; Microbial composition; Real-time PCR; Bacillus coagulans
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 47, Issue 4, 6 September 2010, Pages 127–133
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us