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Fusarium graminearum xylanases show different functional stabilities, substrate specificities and inhibition sensitivities

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17593 42682 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Fusarium graminearum xylanases show different functional stabilities, substrate specificities and inhibition sensitivities
Abstract

When grown on arabinoxylan as the sole carbon source, the cereal phytopathogen Fusarium graminearum expresses four xylanases. Cloning and heterologous expression of the corresponding xylanase encoding genes and analysis of general biochemical properties, substrate specificities and inhibition sensitivities revealed some marked differences. XylA and XylB are glycoside hydrolase family (GH) 11 xylanases, while XylC and XylD belong to GH10. pH and temperature for optimal activity of the enzymes were between 6.0 and 7.0 and 40 °C, respectively. Interestingly, XylC displayed remarkable pH stability as it retained most of its activity even after pre-incubation at pH 1.0 and 13.0 for 120 min at room temperature. All xylanases hydrolysed xylotetraose, xylopentaose and xylohexaose, but to different extents, while only XylC and XylD hydrolysed xylotriose. The two GH10 xylanases released a higher percentage of smaller products from xylan and xylo-oligosaccharides than did their GH11 counterparts. Analysis of kinetic properties revealed that wheat arabinoxylan is the favoured XylC substrate while XylA and XylB prefer sparsely substituted oat spelt xylan. XylC and XylD were inhibited by xylanase inhibiting protein (XIP), while XylA and XylB were sensitive to Triticum aestivum xylanase inhibitor (TAXI). Because of its pH stability and preference for arabinoxylan, XylC is a valuable candidate for use in biotechnological applications.

Keywords
Xylanase; Fusarium graminearum; Enzyme kinetics; Xylanase substrate specificity; Xylanase inhibitor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 44, Issue 4, 6 April 2009, Pages 189–195
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us