fulltext.study @t Gmail

Improving wheat flour hydrolysis by an enzyme mixture from solid state fungal fermentation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17598 42682 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Improving wheat flour hydrolysis by an enzyme mixture from solid state fungal fermentation
Abstract

In traditional cereal-based industrial processes, component separation is often incomplete resulting in a residue of mixed macromolecules including largely starch, protein, phytic acid and many others. The development of a viable cereal-based biorefinery would involve effective bioconversion of cereal components for the production of a nutrient-complete fermentation feedstock. Simultaneous starch and protein hydrolysis represents an effective approach to the production of platform chemicals from wheat. Solid state fermentations of wheat pieces and waste bread by Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus awamori have been combined in this study to enhance starch and protein hydrolysis. Kinetic studies confirmed that the proteolytic enzymes from A. oryzae introduced no negative effect on the stability of the amylolytic enzymes from A. awamori under the optimal conditions for starch hydrolysis. When applied to hydrolyse wheat flour, the enzyme solution from A. awamori converted nearly all of the starch into glucose and 23% of the total nitrogen (TN) into free amino nitrogen (FAN). Under the same reaction conditions the enzyme solution from A. oryzae hydrolysed 38% of the protein but only 18.5% of the starch. A mixture of the two enzyme solutions hydrolysed 34.1% of the protein, a 1.5-fold increase from that achieved by the enzyme solution from A. awamori, while maintaining a near completion of starch hydrolysis.

Keywords
Enzyme stability; Proteolytic enzymes; Amylolytic enzymes; Aspergillus awamori; Aspergillus oryzae; Biorefinery development
First Page Preview
Improving wheat flour hydrolysis by an enzyme mixture from solid state fungal fermentation
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 44, Issue 4, 6 April 2009, Pages 223–228
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us