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Enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of palm kernel press cake for production of bioethanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17626 42686 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of palm kernel press cake for production of bioethanol
Abstract

Palm kernel press cake (PKC) is a residue of palm oil extraction, which was found to contain 48.5% of total carbohydrates of which 35.2% was mannan. The present study examines enzymatic hydrolysis of polysaccharides from the cell-wall material present in PKC to obtain monosaccharides that can be substrate in various fermentation processes such as ethanol production. The requirements for pretreatment were investigated and it was found that mannan in PKC was readily hydrolysed without any pretreatment. Several enzyme preparations were tested and Mannaway 25L was found as the best for releasing mannose, and Gammanase 1.0L worked well in degrading cellulose and mannose. Binary mixtures of enzymes were tested to increase the conversion, and 1:1 mixture of Mannaway 25L and Gammanase 1.0L showed good synergistic effect releasing 30% more mannose than the sum obtained using these enzymes individually. Using an enzyme loading of 2.3 mg protein/g PKC resulted in 63% of mannan in PKC being hydrolysed to mannose in 24 h, and in 96 h a total of 365 g mannose and glucose could be produced per kg PKC. Finally, PKC was hydrolysed and fermented using Saccharomyces cerevisiae with an ethanol yield of 125 g/kg PKC.

Keywords
Bioethanol; Palm kernel press cake; Mannan; Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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Enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of palm kernel press cake for production of bioethanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 46, Issues 3–4, 5 March 2010, Pages 177–184
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us