fulltext.study @t Gmail

Relationship between respirometric activity and community of entrapped nitrifying bacteria: Implications for partial nitrification

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17634 42686 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Relationship between respirometric activity and community of entrapped nitrifying bacteria: Implications for partial nitrification
Abstract

Activated sludge obtained from two municipal wastewater treatment facilities (WWTF) was used as seed sludge for enriched nitrifiers, which were later entrapped in polyvinyl alcohol. Seed sludge from one WWTF was acclimated to high ammonia level (1813 mg NH3-N l−1) through the return of sludge digester supernatant back to primary clarifier while seed sludge from the other WWTF was un-acclimated. To elucidate on how to control partial nitrification by entrapped cells, which could be different from suspended cells, kinetics of entrapped enriched nitrifiers were studied using a respirometric assay. The community of nitrifiers within the entrapment matrix, which was observed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique, was related to the nitritation and nitratation kinetics based on oxygen uptake rate. Maximum oxygen uptake rate, and substrate and oxygen affinities of both ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) for nitritation and nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB) for nitratation in entrapped cells were lower than those of corresponding suspended cells. Under dissolved oxygen (DO) limiting conditions, nitratation was more suppressed than nitritation for suspended cells, while for the entrapped cells, the results were the contrary. A free ammonia (FA) inhibition affected only the un-acclimated sludge. Either FA inhibition or DO limitation might not be a sole effective control parameter to achieve partial nitrification by entrapped cells. FISH results revealed that Nitrosomonas europaea was the dominant AOB while Nitrobacter species was the dominant NOB in all cases. Heterotrophs were also present in the entrapment at 22.8 ± 18.6% and 41.5 ± 4.3% of total bacteria for acclimated and un-acclimated originated sludge. The availability of substrate and oxygen governed the distributions of AOB, NOB and heterotrophs within the entrapment and nitritation kinetics of entrapped nitrifiers.

Keywords
Ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB); Entrapped cells; Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH); Nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB); Partial nitrification; Respirometry
First Page Preview
Relationship between respirometric activity and community of entrapped nitrifying bacteria: Implications for partial nitrification
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 46, Issues 3–4, 5 March 2010, Pages 229–236
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us