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Sophorolipids-induced cellulase production in cocultures of Hypocrea jecorina Rut C30 and Candida bombicola

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17758 42693 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Sophorolipids-induced cellulase production in cocultures of Hypocrea jecorina Rut C30 and Candida bombicola
Abstract

Sophorose is a potent but expensive inducer for cellulase production. In this study the feasibility of using sophorolipids, natural lipids that contain sophorose, for cellulase induction was investigated. Enhanced cellulase production by Hypocrea jecorina Rut C30 grown on glycerol, a substrate without cellulase-inducing ability, was first confirmed by addition of the crude sophorolipids collected from Candida bombicola fermentation. Cocultures of H. jecorina Rut C30 and C. bombicola were then employed to evaluate the effects of coculture conditions: the cell concentration ratio between the two cultures, the concentration of vegetable oil (as lipid precursor for sophorolipid synthesis, in addition to glycerol as the primary carbon source), the presence of nitrogen source for growth, and the substitution of glucose for glycerol as the primary carbon source. Specific cellulase productivity of H. jecorina Rut C30 was significantly higher under the conditions that promoted sophorolipid production by C. bombicola. The ability of H. jecorina Rut C30 to degrade sophorolipids was also confirmed. The results of the study indicated that the sophorolipids produced by C. bombicola can be degraded by H. jecorina Rut C30 and the sophorose generated from the degradation can effectively induce the fungal cellulase synthesis.

Keywords
Cellulase induction; Sophorolipids; Sophorolipid degradation; Glycerol as substrate for cellulase production; Trichoderma reesei
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Sophorolipids-induced cellulase production in cocultures of Hypocrea jecorina Rut C30 and Candida bombicola
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 44, Issue 2, 5 February 2009, Pages 107–111
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us