Purification and characterization of a novel halostable cellulase from Salinivibrio sp. strain NTU-05
A halostable cellulase with a molecular mass of 29 kDa was purified from culture supernatants of the halophilic bacterium Salinivibrio sp. NTU-05 by way of the Fast Protein Liquid Chromatography method and the biochemical properties of the halostable cellulase was studied. The enzyme was active over a range of 0–25% sodium chloride examined in culture broth. The optimum cellulase activity was observed at 5% sodium chloride. Results from the salinity stability test indicated 24% of enzyme activity was retained at 25% sodium chloride for 4 h. The enzyme was also shown to be slightly thermostable with 40% residual activity under 60 °C for 4 h. The enzyme has a Km of 3.03 mg/ml and a Vmax of 142.86 mol/min/mg when tested using carboxymethyl-cellulose (CMC). The enzyme activity increased in the presence of K+, Mg2+, Na+ ions and decreased when Hg2+ ions were present. The deduced internal amino acid sequence of the Salinivibrio sp. NTU-05 cellulase showed similarity to the sequence of the glycoside hydrolase family protein. These are some of the novel characteristics that make this enzyme have potential applications in cellulose biodegradation.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 44, Issues 6–7, 8 June 2009, Pages 373–379