Characteristics of cold-adaptive endochitinase from Antarctic bacterium Sanguibacter antarcticus KOPRI 21702
The psychrotrophic Sanguibacter antarcticus KOPRI 21702T, isolated from Antarctic seawater, produced a cold-adapted chitinolytic enzyme that is a new 55 kDa family 18 chitinase (Chi21702). Chi21702 exhibited high activities toward pNP-(GlcNAc)2 and pNP-(GlcNAc)3 with no activity for pNP-GlcNAc, indicating that it prefers chitin chains longer than dimers, just as endochitinases do. A mixture of GlcNAc and GlcNAc2 was produced as a main product by Chi21702 activity from chitin oligosaccharides and swollen chitin, while less GlcNAc3 was produced. These results show that Chi21702 has an endochitinase activity, randomly hydrolyzing chitin at internal sites. Chi21702 displayed chitinase activity at 0–40 °C (optimal temperature of 37 °C), maintained its activity at pH 4–11 (optimal pH of 7.6). Interestingly, Chi21702 exhibited relative activities of 40% and 60% at 0 and 10 °C, respectively, in comparison to 100% at 37 °C, which is higher than those of the previously characterized, cold-adapted, chitinases from bacterial strains.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 45, Issue 5, 5 November 2009, Pages 391–396