Characterization and PCR optimization of the thermostable family B DNA polymerase from Thermococcus guaymasensis
The gene encoding Thermococcus guaymasensis DNA polymerase (Tgu DNA polymerase) was cloned and sequenced. The 2328 bp Tgu DNA polymerase gene encoded a 775 amino acid residue protein. Alignment of the entire amino acid sequence revealed a high degree of sequence homology between Tgu DNA polymerase and other archaeal family B DNA polymerases. The Tgu DNA polymerase gene was expressed under the control of the T7lac promoter on pET-22b(+) in Escherichia coli BL21-CodonPlus(DE3)-RIL. The expressed enzyme was then purified by heat treatment followed by two steps of chromatography. The optimum pH and temperature were 7.5 and 80 °C, respectively. The optimal buffer for PCR with Tgu DNA polymerase consisted of 50 mM Tris–HCl (pH 8.2), 4 mM MgCl2, 50 mM KCl, and 0.02% Triton X-100. Tgu DNA polymerase revealed 4-fold higher fidelity (3.17 × 10−6) than Taq DNA polymerase (12.13 × 10−6) and a faster amplification rate than Taq and Pfu DNA polymerases. Tgu DNA polymerase had an extension rate of 30 bases/s and a processivity of 150 nucleotides (nt). Thus, Tgu DNA polymerase has some faster elongation rate and a higher processivity than Pfu DNA polymerase. Use of different ratios of Taq and Tgu DNA polymerases determined that a ratio of 4:1 efficiently facilitated long PCR (approximately 15 kb) and a 3-fold lower error rate (4.44 × 10−6) than Taq DNA polymerase.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 45, Issue 2, 7 August 2009, Pages 103–111