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Fungal bioleaching of incineration fly ash: Metal extraction and modeling growth kinetics

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17922 42705 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Fungal bioleaching of incineration fly ash: Metal extraction and modeling growth kinetics
Abstract

Aspergillus niger is known to be capable of bioleaching heavy metal ions from municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration fly ash. The objective of this study was to investigate the bioleaching kinetics of the fungus in the presence of the fly ash at various pulp densities (1–6%) in a batch system. The growth of the fungus was modeled using the modified Gompertz model. Since the metals present in the fly ash are toxic and inhibit microbial growth, an inhibition kinetic model using the generalized Monod growth kinetics was evaluated. In a two-step bioleaching system where the fly ash was introduced into the culture two days after inoculation, citric acid production and the leaching of the metals aluminium, iron and zinc from the fly ash were examined. The kinetic parameters in the system were estimated using the least square method. Results showed that the modified Gompertz model fit the experimental data well. The specific growth rate decreased with increasing pulp density, with a maximum specific growth rate (μmax) of 0.115 day−1 for the control. The critical inhibitor (i.e. fly ash) concentration (CI*) above which no growth occurred was found to be 6.0%. Results also showed an increase in metal concentration leached with a concomitant increase in the citric acid production at various pulp densities.

Keywords
Aspergillus niger; Bioleaching; Incineration fly ash; Gompertz model; Han and Levenspiel model; Inhibition
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Fungal bioleaching of incineration fly ash: Metal extraction and modeling growth kinetics
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 44, Issue 5, 6 May 2009, Pages 323–328
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us