Efficient production of ethanol from raw starch by a mated diploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae with integrated α-amylase and glucoamylase genes
The goal of this research was to construct a stable and efficient process for the production of ethanol from raw starch, using a recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is productive even under conditions such as non-selection or long-term operation. Three recombinant yeast strains were used, two haploid strains (MT8-1SS and NBRC1440SS) and one diploid strain (MN8140SS). The recombinant strains were constructed by integrating the glucoamylase gene from Rhizopus oryzae fused with the 3′-half of the α-agglutinin gene as the anchor protein, and the α-amylase gene from Streptococcus bovis, respectively, into their chromosomal DNA by homologous recombination. The diploid strain MN8140SS was constructed by mating these opposite types of integrant haploid strains in order to enhance the expression of integrated amylase genes. The diploid strain had the highest ethanol productivity and reusability during fermentation from raw starch. Moreover, the ethanol production rate of the integrant diploid strain was maintained when batch fermentation was repeated three times (0.67, 0.60, and 0.67 g/l/h in each batch). These results clearly show that a diploid strain developed by mating two integrant haploid strains is useful for the establishment of an efficient ethanol production process.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 44, Issue 5, 6 May 2009, Pages 344–349