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Multiple effects of water on solvent-free enzymatic esterifications

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
17969 42708 2007 9 PDF Available
Title
Multiple effects of water on solvent-free enzymatic esterifications
Abstract

Enhancement of the catalytic activity of lipases has commonly been performed by biocatalyst modification (immobilization on hydrophobic supports, activatiFon with interfaces, pretreatment with amphiphiles, etc.). In this work, the enhancement of the reaction rates obtained in lipase-catalyzed esterifications is achieved through modification of the number of liquid phases present in the medium in which the reaction takes place. The liquid medium may be constituted by either just one liquid phase or two liquid phases. The split of the liquid phase can be controlled by manipulating the water initially added to the system.As a result of the study of the role of water on the solvent-free enzymatic esterification of oleic acid with ethanol, the addition of relatively high amounts of water showed an unexpected beneficial effect: ester yields increased in systems with high amounts of water initially added. The addition of high amounts of water to the mixture of substrates led to the generation of two-liquid phases systems, in which the fatty acid and the produced ester remained in the organic phase, the added and reaction-generated water migrated to the aqueous phase, and the ethanol partitioned between both phases. The existence of a second aqueous phase from the beginning of the reaction favored the extraction of the water generated in the reaction, with an important reduction of the water content in the organic reactive phase. As a consequence, the increase in the global water content of the reaction medium not only did not favor hydrolysis, but also increased the fatty acid conversion in the first hours of reaction. Together with the lipase hydration and equilibrium shift, effects commonly considered in the literature of lipase-catalyzed esterifications, this manuscript emphasizes another effect of water related to the formation of a two-liquid phases system. Experimental and modeling data from reactions catalyzed with up to 15 biocatalysts (native and immobilized lipases) are presented to analyze the role of water on the rate of solvent-free enzymatic esterifications.

Keywords
Solvent-free esterification; Lipase; Water effects; Hydration; Equilibrium shift; Two-liquid phase system
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 41, Issues 1–2, 2 July 2007, Pages 62–70
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us