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Application of microbial phytase in fish feed

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18002 42710 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
Application of microbial phytase in fish feed
Abstract

Phytate is the main storage form of phosphorus (P) in many plants, but phytate-bound P is not available to monogastric or agastric fish animals. Phytase, an enzyme specific to hydrolyze indigestible phytate, has been increasingly used in fish feed during the past two decades, mainly in response to heightened concerns over P pollution to the aquatic environment. Since global phosphate reserves are not renewable, phytate-P as an alternative and economical P source can be effectively converted to available-P by phytase. The capability of this enzyme to enhance bioavailability of P and reduce P load is well documented. Phytase supplementation also leads to improved availability of other minerals and trace elements. Nevertheless, there is still no consistent conclusion that phytase could enhance protein and energy utilization. Studies in amino acid digestibility after phytase supplement are mutative and the underlying mechanisms have not been fully understood. Because phytase is very sensitive to pH and temperature, the utilization of phytase in fish feed is still on its first stage compared with that of in poultry and swine feed. A wide variety of phytases were discovered and characterized in order to find the optimum enzyme which is stable in application, resistant against high temperatures, dust-free, and easy to handle. Initial steps to produce phytase in transgenic plants and fish animals are also undertaken. In this review, the authors focus on comparing properties of phytase from different sources, examining the effects of phytase on P utilization and aquatic environment pollution, meanwhile providing commercial potentiality and impact factors of phytase utilization in fish feed.

Keywords
Microbial phytase; Fish feed; Phytate; Phosphorus
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Application of microbial phytase in fish feed
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 40, Issue 4, 5 March 2007, Pages 497–507
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us