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Use of surface active additives in enzymatic hydrolysis of wheat straw lignocellulose

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18053 42710 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Use of surface active additives in enzymatic hydrolysis of wheat straw lignocellulose
Abstract

Monocot residues such as corn stover and straw are often not fully exploited and constitute a potential substrate for bioethanol production. However, a number of factors such as high enzyme loadings make large-scale utilization economically difficult. Addition of non-ionic surfactants and poly(ethylene glycol) to enzymatic hydrolysis of various lignocellulosic substrates has been found to increase the conversion of cellulose into soluble, fermentable sugars. We have shown that surfactants are able to increase cellulose conversion with up to 70%. This provides an opportunity of decreasing enzyme loading while retaining the same degree of hydrolysis. Investigations of five wheat straw substrates produced with different pretreatment methods revealed that surfactants have a more pronounced effect on acid and steam treated straw than, e.g. ammonia and hydrogen peroxide treated straw. Thus, lignin content is not directly proportional with the potential surfactant effect. Studies of adsorption of cellulases support the theory that the main mechanism behind the surfactant effect is prevention of unspecific adsorption of enzyme on the substrate lignin. This is believed to be due to hydrophobic interaction between lignin and the surfactant, causing steric repulsion of enzyme from the lignin surface. More research is needed to reveal which factors influence enzyme and surfactant adsorption.

Keywords
Cellulose; Cellulase; Hemicellulose; Surfactant; Adsorption; PEG
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 40, Issue 4, 5 March 2007, Pages 888–895
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us