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A multilayered synthetic human elastin/polycaprolactone hybrid vascular graft with tailored mechanical properties

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1813 91 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
A multilayered synthetic human elastin/polycaprolactone hybrid vascular graft with tailored mechanical properties
Abstract

Small-diameter synthetic vascular graft materials fail to match the patency of human tissue conduits used in vascular bypass surgery. The foreign surface retards endothelialization and is highly thrombogenic, while the mismatch in mechanical properties induces intimal hyperplasia. Using recombinant human tropoelastin, we have developed a synthetic vascular conduit for small-diameter applications. We show that tropoelastin enhances endothelial cell attachment (threefold vs. control) and proliferation by 54.7 ± 1.1% (3 days vs. control). Tropoelastin, when presented as a monomer and when cross-linked into synthetic elastin for biomaterials applications, had low thrombogenicity. Activation of the intrinsic pathway of coagulation, measured by plasma clotting time, was reduced for tropoelastin (60.4 ± 8.2% vs. control). Platelet attachment was also reduced compared to collagen. Reductions in platelet interactions were mirrored on cross-linked synthetic elastin scaffolds. Tropoelastin was subsequently incorporated into a synthetic elastin/polycaprolactone conduit with mechanical properties optimized to mimic the human internal mammary artery, including permeability, compliance, elastic modulus and burst pressure. Further, this multilayered conduit presented a synthetic elastin internal lamina to circulating blood and demonstrated suturability and mechanical durability in a small scale rabbit carotid interposition model.

Keywords
Elastin; Conduit; Graft; Artery; Blood vessel
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A multilayered synthetic human elastin/polycaprolactone hybrid vascular graft with tailored mechanical properties
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 295–303
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us