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Methyl-β-cyclodextrin modified vascular prosthesis: Influence of the modification level on the drug delivery properties in different media

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1814 91 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Methyl-β-cyclodextrin modified vascular prosthesis: Influence of the modification level on the drug delivery properties in different media
Abstract

A textile polyester vascular graft was modified with methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MeβCD) to obtain a new implant capable of releasing antibiotics directly in situ at the site of operation over a prolonged period and thereby prevent post-operative infections. We investigated the influence of the curing parameters (time and temperature) that allow control of the degree of functionalization (DF) of the support by MeβCD. The inclusion of ciprofloxacin (CFX) in the MeβCD cavity was observed in solution by two-dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy. The amount of CFX loaded on the modified graft increased with DF. Depending on the release medium (water, phosphate-buffered saline, or human plasma) and the DF of the prostheses, different kinetic profiles of release of CFX were obtained. The sustained release of CFX in human plasma was shown by microbiological assays that indicated prolonged antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Viability tests demonstrated the non-toxicity of MeβCD to an epithelial cell line (HPMEC), although a decrease in endothelial cell number was observed on the functionalized prosthesis, probably due to the roughness of the coating and also to the nature of the MeβCD polymer present on the surface of the fibers.

Keywords
Vascular grafts; Surface modification; Controlled drug release; Cell viability; Antibacterial
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 304–314
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us