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Phospholipase A1-catalyzed synthesis of phospholipids enriched in n − 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid residues

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18153 42713 2007 6 PDF Available
Title
Phospholipase A1-catalyzed synthesis of phospholipids enriched in n − 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid residues
Abstract

Phosphatidylcholine (PC) was successfully modified by phospholipase A1-catalyzed acidolysis with the fatty acids obtained by saponification of fish oil. The resulting phosphatidylcholine contains significant levels of eicosapentaenoic (EPA; C20:5), docosapentaenoic (DPA; C22:5), and docosahexaenoic (DHA; C22:6) acid residues. Modification of the PC was accomplished in a solvent-free system using phospholipase A1 from Thermomyces lanuginosus/Fusarium oxysporum as the biocatalyst. The effects of variations in the reaction parameters, namely, reaction time, enzyme loading, temperature, and vacuum on the time course of the reaction were investigated. After only 6 h of reaction at 55 °C, 21.0 mol% n − 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (sum of EPA, DPA, and DHA) was incorporated into PC at a loading of the enzyme solution of 10% of the total weight of substrates. As the reaction progressed, incorporation of n − 3 PUFA reached a maximum of 28.0 mol% at 24 h. Reaction times longer than 6 h led to higher incorporation of n − 3 PUFA but were associated with significant decreases in the yield of PC. Even though application of a vacuum produced a higher yield of PC, there was a parallel decrease in the extent of incorporation of n − 3 PUFA into PC.

Keywords
Acidolysis; Fish oil; Phosphatidylcholine; Phospholipase A1; n − 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)
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Phospholipase A1-catalyzed synthesis of phospholipids enriched in n − 3 polyunsaturated fatty acid residues
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 40, Issue 5, 3 April 2007, Pages 1130–1135
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us