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Paper pulp delignification using laccase and natural mediators

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18173 42713 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Paper pulp delignification using laccase and natural mediators
Abstract

Three plant phenols, namely acetosyringone, syringaldehyde and p-coumaric acid, were selected as laccase redox mediators to investigate the enzymatic delignification of paper pulp (obtained from kraft cooking of eucalypt wood) in combination with peroxide bleaching. The effects of these natural mediators were compared with those obtained using the synthetic mediator 1-hydroxybenzotriazole. p-Coumaric acid only caused minor increase of pulp brightness and did not lower its kappa number (a rough estimation of the lignin content), whereas, the use of acetosyringone or syringaldehyde as laccase mediators enabled over 15% increase of final brightness and a similar decrease of final kappa number. Pulp delignification by laccase in the presence of the two latter natural mediators was demonstrated by analytical pyrolysis, which does not suffer from interferences by other pulp constituents as kappa number does, showing a preferential removal of lignin marker compounds compared with carbohydrate markers (up to 25% decrease of the corresponding ratio). This technique also revealed a modification of the residual lignin composition in terms of phenylpropane units after the laccase-mediator treatment. The use of laccase in combination with natural mediators, widely available from plant materials and pulping liquors, represents a promising alternative for environmentally friendly delignification of paper pulp.

Keywords
Laccase; Natural mediators; Analytical pyrolysis; Acetosyringone; Syringaldehyde; Paper pulp bleaching
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 40, Issue 5, 3 April 2007, Pages 1264–1271
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us