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Multifunctional cationic polyurethanes designed for non-viral cancer gene therapy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
182 12 2016 13 PDF Available
Title
Multifunctional cationic polyurethanes designed for non-viral cancer gene therapy
Abstract

Nano-polyplexes from bioreducible cationic polymers have a massive promise for cancer gene therapy. However, the feasibility of cationic polyurethanes for non-viral gene therapy is so far not well studied. In this work, a linear cationic polyurethane containing disulfide bonds, urethane linkages and protonable tertiary amino groups was successfully generated by stepwise polycondensation reaction between 2,2′-dithiodiethanol bis(p-nitrophenyl carbonate) and 1,4-bis(3-aminopropyl)piperazine (BAP). We confirmed that the cationic polyurethane (denoted as PUBAP) displayed superior gene delivery properties to its cationic polyamide analogue, thus causing higher in vitro transfection efficiency in MCF-7 and SKOV-3 cells. Besides, further folate-PEGylation and hydrophobic deoxycholic acid (DCA) conjugation to amino-containing PUBAP can be conducted to afford multifunctional polyurethane gene delivery system. After optimization, folate-decorated nano-polyplexes from the PUBAP conjugated with 8 folate-PEG chains and 12 DCA residues exhibited superb colloidal stability under physiological conditions, and performed rapid uptake via folate receptor-mediated endocytosis, efficient intracellular gene release and nucleus translocation into SKOV-3 cells in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, PUBAP based polyplexes possess low cytotoxicity as a result of PUBAP biodegradability. Therefore, marked growth inhibition of SKOV-3 tumor xenografted in Balb/c nude mice was achieved with negligible side effects on the mouse health after intravenous administration of PUBAP based polyplexes with a therapeutic plasmid encoding for TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand. This work provides a new insight into biomedical application of bio-responsive polyurethanes for cancer therapy.Statement of significanceIn this study, we have confirmed that disulfide-based cationic polyurethane presents a new non-viral vector for gene transfer and cancer gene therapy. The significance of this work includes: (1) design and synthesis of a group of novel disulfide-based cationic polyurethane by non-isocyanate chemistry; (2) comparative study of transfection activity between cationic polyurethanes and cationic polyamides; (3) feasibility of bioreducible cationic polyurethanes for in vivo cancer gene therapy.

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Keywords
Disulfide; Cationic polyurethane; Targeting; Gene therapy
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Multifunctional cationic polyurethanes designed for non-viral cancer gene therapy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 30, 15 January 2016, Pages 155–167
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us