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Hydrolysis of cellulose using mono-component enzymes shows synergy during hydrolysis of phosphoric acid swollen cellulose (PASC), but competition on Avicel

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18272 42716 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Hydrolysis of cellulose using mono-component enzymes shows synergy during hydrolysis of phosphoric acid swollen cellulose (PASC), but competition on Avicel
Abstract

To study the synergy between the three groups of cellulolytic enzymes, 20 mixtures of different mole percentage of Humicola insolens Cel45A (EG V) and Cel6A (CBH II), and Penicillium brasilianum Cel3A (β-glucosidase) were used to hydrolyze Avicel and phosphoric acid swollen cellulose/Avicel (PASC). In contrast to previous studies, where β-glucosidase was either not added or added in excess, we here focus on engineering binary, as well as, ternary cellulase mixtures (including a range of different mol% of Cel3A) for maximal total sugar production. Precise hydrolysis pattern based on the concentration of soluble hydrolysis products (glucose to cellohexaose measured by HPLC) was determined. The importance of proper assay selection for hydrolysis products detection was illustrated.It was found that degree of synergy (DS) for degradation of PASC were generally larger than 1 (indicating cooperativity between the enzymes), increasing as the hydrolysis proceeded. DS of binary exo-/endo-glucanase mixtures, decreased as the mol% of Cel45A increased. In contrast to hydrolysis of PASC, DS values during degradation of Avicel were less then 1, indicating inhibition of the involved enzymes. Thus, our data point to competition for the same binding sites between endo- and exo-glucanases, and preferential absorbance of exo-glucanases on crystalline substrates.

Keywords
Ternary enzyme mixture; Endo-glucanase Cel45A; Cellobiohydrolase Cel6A; β-Glucosidase Cel3A; Humicola insolens; Penicillium brasilianum
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Hydrolysis of cellulose using mono-component enzymes shows synergy during hydrolysis of phosphoric acid swollen cellulose (PASC), but competition on Avicel
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 42, Issue 4, 4 March 2008, Pages 362–370
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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