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Packed-bed reactor for the integrated biodegradation of cyanide and formamide by immobilised Fusarium oxysporum CCMI 876 and Methylobacterium sp. RXM CCMI 908

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18403 42721 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Packed-bed reactor for the integrated biodegradation of cyanide and formamide by immobilised Fusarium oxysporum CCMI 876 and Methylobacterium sp. RXM CCMI 908
Abstract

Experiments were carried out to develop the technological basis for the integrated biodegradation of cyanide and formamide. The ability of both Fusarium oxysporum CCMI 876 and Methylobacterium   sp. RXM CCMI 908 to transform cyanide and formamide was analysed and characterised. The KmiKmi for cyanide hydratase in the immobilised Fusarium oxysporum CCMI 876 was 19 ± 4 mM of cyanide and the VmaxiVmaxi was 21 ± 5 μmol min−1 g−1 (DW) cells. For the entrapped Methylobacterium   sp. RXM CCMI 908 the values of the apparent reaction kinetics were KmiKmi = 1.7 ± 0.3 mM of cyanide and the VmaxiVmaxi = 20 ± 2 μmol min−1 g−1 (DW) cells. These data were used to design and operate a two-catalyst system to balance cyanide and formamide transformations and assess the system stability. The cyanide was degraded by Fusarium oxysporum CCMI 876 at a rate of 0.059 mM h−1 leading to 96% cyanide conversion and leaving a residual 0.21 mM. Average 3.76 mM of formamide and 0.34 mM of formate were formed. This effluent is contacted with Methylobacterium sp. RXM CCMI 908 which used 84% of formamide. Then this compound drops to an average value of 0.62 mM. In parallel, formate builds up to nearly 12-fold the initial concentration, correlating with the amount of formamide used. The two systems were merged in a single system which design involved a scale-up criterion and the degradation profiles along the system were determined.

Keywords
Packed-bed reactor; Cyanide; Formamide; Immobilised cells; Fusarium oxysporum; Methylobacterium sp.
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Packed-bed reactor for the integrated biodegradation of cyanide and formamide by immobilised Fusarium oxysporum CCMI 876 and Methylobacterium sp. RXM CCMI 908
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 38, Issue 6, 1 April 2006, Pages 848–854
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us