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Nutritional requirements for the production of dithiolopyrrolone antibiotics by Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18464 42724 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Nutritional requirements for the production of dithiolopyrrolone antibiotics by Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137
Abstract

The amino acid and humic acid requirements of Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137 for growth and production of the dithiolopyrrolone antibiotics were studied in a semi-synthetic medium (SSM). Nature and concentration of amino acids and humic acid strongly influenced the growth and dithiolopyrrolone specific production.The highest value of thiolutin (acetyl-pyrrothine) specific production was obtained in the presence of 1 g/l humic acid (336 mg/g DCW), and in the presence of 5 mM l-cystine (309 mg/g DCW) as compared to 19 mg/g DCW obtained with the control. Furthermore, thiolutin production was increased about six-fold, four-fold and three-fold in the presence of l-proline, l-glutamic acid and dl-histidine, respectively. In contrast, the production of thiolutin was reduced by addition of other amino acids such as l-glutamine, dl-ethionine, l-methionine and l-arginine. The highest value of isobutyryl-pyrrothine production was obtained in the presence of 2,6-diaminopimelic acid and l-lysine (7.8 and 1.0 mg/g DCW, respectively). However, the highest value of butanoyl-pyrrothine production was obtained in the presence of humic acid (6.6 mg/g DCW), followed by l-cysteine and l-proline (3.6 and 3.2 mg/g DCW, respectively). In addition, the maximum specific production of senecioyl-pyrrothine (29 mg/g DCW) and tigloyl-pyrrothine (21 mg/g DCW) was obtained in the presence of humic acid. We found that, except for isobutyryl-pyrrothine, production of all dithiolopyrrolones was favoured by addition of l-proline. The maximum specific production was obtained with l-proline at concentrations of 2.50 mM for thiolutin (133 mg/g DCW), 1.25 mM for senecioyl-pyrrothine, tigloyl-pyrrothine and butanoyl-pyrrothine production (29, 23 and 3.9 mg/g DCW, respectively). Production of all dithiolopyrrolones strongly decreased as the l-methionine or dl-ethionine concentration was increased in the culture medium.

Keywords
Antibiotic production; Dithiolopyrrolone; Saccharothrix algeriensis; Amino acid; Humic acid; Regulation
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Nutritional requirements for the production of dithiolopyrrolone antibiotics by Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 39, Issue 7, 3 November 2006, Pages 1423–1429
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us