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Diversity of amino acid converting enzymes in wild lactic acid bacteria

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18564 42726 2006 6 PDF Available
Title
Diversity of amino acid converting enzymes in wild lactic acid bacteria
Abstract

A total of 156 lactic acid bacteria isolates belonging to the genera Lactococcus, Lactobacillus and Leuconostoc were analysed for the amino acid converting enzymes aminotransferases, glutamate dehydrogenase, and α-ketoisovalerate decarboxylase. All isolates showed aminotransferase activity towards phenylalanine (substrate for the aromatic aminotransferase AraT) and isoleucine (substrate for the branched-chain aminotransferase BcaT). Although there was a high variability inter- and intra-species, the lactococcal strains showed the highest values for both aminotransferase activities. Moreover, α-ketoisovalerate decarboxylase (Kivd) activity was only found in lactococcal isolates, although at low relative numbers (16%). On the other hand, glutamate dehydrogenase (Gdh) activity values were highest in facultative heterofermentative lactobacilli (FHL) and the activity was found at high relative numbers (50%) in leuconostocs. Results showed a high variability in amino acid convertase activities within the wild LAB isolates assayed, therefore the utilisation in the dairy industry of new strains with high flavour-forming abilities could be a powerful tool to enhance cheese aroma development.

Keywords
Lactic acid bacteria; Wild strains; Amino acid catabolism
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 38, Issues 1–2, 3 January 2006, Pages 88–93
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us