Optimization of fermentation conditions for the production of ethanol from sago starch by co-immobilized amyloglucosidase and cells of Zymomonas mobilis using response surface methodology
Statistical experimental design was used to optimize the conditions of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF), viz. temperature, pH and time of fermentation of ethanol from sago starch with co-immobilized amyloglucosidase (AMG) and Zymomonas mobilis MTCC 92 by submerged fermentation. Maximum ethanol concentration of 55.3 g/l was obtained using a starch concentration of 150 g/l. The optimum conditions were found to be a temperature of 32.4 °C, pH of 4.93 and time of fermentation of 17.24 h. Thus, by using SSF process with co-immobilized AMG and Z. mobilis cells MTCC 92, the central composite design (CCD) was found to be the most favourable strategy investigated with respect to ethanol production and enzyme recovery.
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 38, Issues 1–2, 3 January 2006, Pages 209–214