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Characteristic of β-glucosidase from Sicilian blood oranges in relation to anthocyanin degradation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18637 42731 2007 6 PDF Available
Title
Characteristic of β-glucosidase from Sicilian blood oranges in relation to anthocyanin degradation
Abstract

Anthocyanin content in Sicilian sweet orange [Citrus sinensis (L) Osbeck] varieties known as blood oranges (Tarocco, Moro e Sanguinello) undergoes changes during the ripening process. Concentration increases during ripening, reaching a maximum in the fully ripe fruit. At latter stage of maturity, a decrease of these pigments is observed. This study aims to evaluate β-d-glucosidase activity (βG, EC 3.2.1.21) in Tarocco variety, the most common Sicilian blood orange, and to determine the main physicochemical and kinetic properties of this enzyme in order to underline its role on anthocyanins degradation during ripening. The enzymatic extract was assayed on both anthocyanins extract from Tarocco juice and a synthetic substrate (p-nitrophenyl-β-d-glucopyranoside, pNPG). It was observed a 400 times higher specificity of the synthetic substrate than the natural substrate. Kinetic studies and physicochemical characterization of βG such as Vmax and Km (Vmax 2.1 × 10−2 and Km 2.67 × 10−4 using pNPG as substrate; Vmax 3.3 × 10−3 and Km 2.1 × 10−1 using natural substrate), optimum conditions of pH (4.5) and temperature (60 °C), fructose and glucose inhibition (competitive inhibition by glucose) and thermal stability (decimal reduction time 3 min at 75 °C and decimal reduction temperature 9.5 °C) were also performed. β-d-Glucosidase activity seems involved on anthocyanins degradation during final ripening stage of fruit.

Keywords
Tarocco orange; β-d-Glucosidase; Anthocyanins; Stability; Ripening
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Characteristic of β-glucosidase from Sicilian blood oranges in relation to anthocyanin degradation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 41, Issue 5, 1 October 2007, Pages 570–575
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us