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Analysis of solvent-free ethyl oleate enzymatic synthesis at equilibrium conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18691 42735 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Analysis of solvent-free ethyl oleate enzymatic synthesis at equilibrium conditions
Abstract

This work reports experimental equilibrium data for the esterification of pure oleic acid and a fatty acid mixture with ethanol, using an immobilized Candida antarctica B lipase as catalyst. Reactions are performed in a solvent-free system, containing a mixture of substrates and different amounts of distilled water. According to the initial amount of water and the extent of the reaction, one or two liquid phases are present. Therefore, when the equilibrium is achieved, the liquid–liquid and chemical reaction equilibria have to be simultaneously satisfied.Several reports dealing with enzymatic reactions performed in two-phase systems have found that the value of the reaction equilibrium constant calculated from overall experimental concentrations varies not only with temperature but also with substrate ratio and water content. Although this approach is a valuable way to explore equilibrium shifts in biphasic systems, it is limited to ideal systems with constant partition coefficients. The aim of this work is to consider the biphasic nature of the reactive mixture through a computational procedure that simultaneously takes into account liquid–liquid and reaction equilibria. This approach enables the determination of a classical temperature-dependent thermodynamic equilibrium constant, which accurately fits experimental equilibrium conversions over a wide range of operating conditions.

Keywords
Enzymatic esterification; Liquid–liquid equilibrium; Chemical reaction equilibrium; Biphasic constant
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Volume 38, Issue 7, 2 May 2006, Pages 914–920
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us