Three-liquid-phase salting-out extraction of effective components from waste liquor of processing sea cucumber
•A TLP system was applying to separate oils, saponins, proteins and polysaccharides.•The scale was up from lab scale to 25 kg and the effects of recycling determined.•Over 82% of saponins, oils, proteins and polysaccharides were achieved simultaneously.•81.4% of n-hexane, 80.8% of ethanol and 72% of sodium carbonate were recovered.
A three-liquid-phase (TLP) salting-out extraction system composed of n-hexane/ethanol/sodium carbonate/water was investigated to extract oils, saponins, proteins and polysaccharides simultaneously from waste liquor of processing sea cucumber. The effects of the ratio of ethanol to sodium carbonate, n-hexane concentration and extraction time were investigated. The results showed that 86.7% of oils were distributed in the top n-hexane phase, 82.9% of saponins in the middle ethanol phase, 93.2% of proteins and 92.9% of polysaccharides in the interface between the middle and the bottom salt phase when the system composed of 28% (w/w) n-hexane/11.52% (w/w) ethanol/8.64% (w/w) sodium carbonate was used at 37 °C for 0.5 h. When the system was progressively enlarged from 30 g to 25 kg, the yield of polysaccharides, proteins, oils and saponins was decreased only by 1.0%, 2.8%, 1.0% and 2.6%, respectively. The recycle of salt and solvents in three-liquid-phase system was also studied, and the results showed that the recovery of n-hexane, ethanol and salt were 81.4%, 80.8% and 72.0%, respectively. Recycling materials for the extraction, the yield for proteins and oils decreased by 2.0% and 5.4%, respectively, comparing with the pure system.
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 96, October 2015, Pages 99–105