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Quantification of biomolecules in herring (Clupea harengus) industry processing waters and their recovery using electroflocculation and ultrafiltration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
18836 43035 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Quantification of biomolecules in herring (Clupea harengus) industry processing waters and their recovery using electroflocculation and ultrafiltration
Abstract

•Herring pre-salting brines contained up to 12.7 g proteins and 2.5 g fatty acids L−1.•Analyzed waters accumulated ∼9.2 kg proteins and ∼4.1 kg fatty acids per ton processed herring.•Long chain n-3 PUFA represented ≤44.5% of fatty acids in process waters.•The technology used recovered up to >80% proteins and fatty acids from salt brines.•The technology used reduced chemical oxygen demand of salt brines by 70%.

Four types of herring industry processing waters; refrigerated sea water (RSW), storage water (SW), processing water from cutting (PW) and pre-salting brines (SB) were subjected to chemical characterization and biomolecule recovery using electroflocculation (EF) and ultrafiltration (UF). The highest protein and fatty acid content were found in SB's, up to 12.7 ± 0.3 and 2.5 ± 0.1 g L−1, respectively. Long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids represented up to 44.5% of total fatty acids. In all samples, leucine and glutamic acid/glutamine were the dominating amino acids while calcium and magnesium were the dominating trace elements. EF plus UF in series recovered up to 80% proteins and fatty acids from SB's and reduced chemical oxygen demand by 70%. Foaming and emulsifying properties of biomolecules were improved or unaffected by EF/UF treatment. To conclude, large amounts of biomass are currently lost per ton of processed herring, e.g. ∼9.2 kg proteins and ∼4.1 kg fatty acids; EF/UF represents a promising way of turning such losses to a potential income.

Keywords
Herring; Clupea harengus; Processing waters; Electroflocculation; Ultrafiltration; Biomolecule; Protein; Fatty acids
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Quantification of biomolecules in herring (Clupea harengus) industry processing waters and their recovery using electroflocculation and ultrafiltration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 96, October 2015, Pages 198–210
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us