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Influence of the electrohydrodynamic process on the properties of dried button mushroom slices: A differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) study

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19006 43041 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Influence of the electrohydrodynamic process on the properties of dried button mushroom slices: A differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) study
Abstract

•DSC studies on mushroom slices dried by hot air/EHD system were done.•The ΔH value was reduced with voltage increase and electrode gap decrease.•Water present in EHD-dried mushroom slices was classified as unfreezable.

In this paper, drying of button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) slices with an innovative drying technique of hot air combined with Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) drying process was investigated at three electrode gaps (5, 6, and 7 cm) and voltage levels (17, 19, and 21 kV). The effects of different hot air combined with EHD drying treatments on the temperature of the mushroom slices, drying time, final color and protein denaturation features including enthalpy (ΔH), onset temperature (To), peak transition temperature (Tp), conclusion temperature (Tc), and temperature range (Tc–To) of endothermic peaks were systematically evaluated. In addition, water state changes in DSC cooling thermograms of dried mushroom slices were investigated. The results obtained by differential scanning calorimetry showed that the ΔH values in the DSC traces of the EHD-dried mushroom slices were reduced with a decrease in the electrode gap and an increase in the voltage. Specifically, among voltages of 21, 17, and 19 kV, a voltage of 21 kV resulted in the lowest ΔH and Tc–To values and the highest Tp and To values. This result indicated that voltage had a significant effect on these responses. Similarly, the DSC results showed a considerable effect of high electric field intensity on ΔH, Tc–To and Tp responses related to protein denaturation in comparison to low electric field intensity.

Keywords
Electrohydrodynamic (EHD); Mushroom slices; DSC thermograms; Enthalpy changes; Endothermic peaks; Protein denaturation
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Influence of the electrohydrodynamic process on the properties of dried button mushroom slices: A differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) study
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 95, July 2015, Pages 83–95
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us