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Influence of pulsed electric field and heat treatment on Emblica officinalis juice inoculated with Zygosaccharomyces bailii

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19012 43041 2015 9 PDF Available
Title
Influence of pulsed electric field and heat treatment on Emblica officinalis juice inoculated with Zygosaccharomyces bailii
Abstract

•The study signifies the effect of PEF treatment on inactivation of Z. bailii.•Comparison was made with heat treatment.•PEF achieved comparable shelf life of 40 d and kept juice microbiologically stable.•PEF sustained the nutritional and functional quality criterion of emblica juice.•Heat treatment resulted in significant degradation of functional components.

The effects of pulsed electric field (PEF) applying 26 kV cm−1 with 1 μs monopolar pulses (for 500 μs) on inactivation of Zygosaccharomyces bailii and the stability for the key quality characteristics (vitamin C, phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, nonenzymatic index, 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furfural (HMF), °brix, and pH) in Emblica officinalis juice were studied. These results were then compared to those of heat treatment (90 °C for 60 s) up to 40 days on storing at 4 °C. PEF treatment reduced 5.1 log cycles of Z. bailii with decreases in HMF concentration and browning index relative to heat treated juice. Simultaneously, PEF treated juice retained 63% of vitamin C and 88.9% of antioxidant capacity (p < 0.05). However, heat treated juice lowered 4.9 log cycles of Z. bailii and exhibited significant degradation of vitamin C and antioxidant capacity (p < 0.01). After all, both treatments did not induce any major changes in pH and °brix levels of emblica juice. Electron microscopy was used as a tool to find Z. bailii damage induced. Investigation of their morphology showed a leakage of cellular debris owing to the rupture of cell membrane of PEF treated Z. bailii. Thus, PEF treatment on emblica juice may offer an enormous potential for upgrading its quality than the heat processing method.

Keywords
Emblica officinalis juice; Pulsed electric field; Shelf life; Nutritional quality; Field emission scanning electron microscopy; Zygosaccharomyces bailii
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Influence of pulsed electric field and heat treatment on Emblica officinalis juice inoculated with Zygosaccharomyces bailii
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 95, July 2015, Pages 146–154
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us