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Optical and mechanical properties of cocona chips as affected by the drying process

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19017 43041 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Optical and mechanical properties of cocona chips as affected by the drying process
Abstract

•The effect of the application of a pre-osmotic treatment to obtain hot air dried cocona chips was studied.•Pre-osmotic treatment improves the sensory properties of the snack.•Pre-osmotic treatment doesn’t affect the subsequent kinetics of hot air drying.

The effect of the application of a pre-osmotic treatment to obtain hot air dried cocona (Solanum sessiliofurum Dunal) chips was studied. The drying kinetics and the optical and mechanical properties of cocona chips obtained by the combined method of osmotic dehydration and hot air drying (OD + HAD) and by only hot air drying (HAD) were compared. Samples were dried by hot air at 60 °C. For the combined method, they were pre-dried to a moisture content of 75 gwater/100 g, immersed in a 55 °Brix sucrose solution at 25 °C for 48 min. The pre-osmodehydration applied did not influence the subsequent hot air drying kinetics, resulting in a final product with 0.055 ± 0.005 gwater/gcocona. The optical properties of OD + HAD chips were more favorable, exhibiting a smaller color change with respect to the fresh fruit (±15 units) than the HAD samples (±23 units). On the other hand, the OD + HAD chips presented more fracture peaks than HAD ones, this related with a structure with a higher degree of crispness, a very desirable property for a chip product.

Keywords
Osmotic dehydration; Hot air drying; Drying kinetics; Translucency; Color; Kramer compression–extrusion test
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 95, July 2015, Pages 192–199
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us