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Effect of spray drying conditions on the physical properties of Cagaita (Eugenia dysenterica DC.) fruit extracts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19039 43042 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
Effect of spray drying conditions on the physical properties of Cagaita (Eugenia dysenterica DC.) fruit extracts
Abstract

•Dried extracts were successfully obtained from cagaita using spray-drying.•Addition of gum arabic and inulin improved technological properties of powders.•Spray dried powders had better physical properties than freeze-dried extract.•Process parameters significantly affected the physical properties of the powders.

Cagaita is a Brazilian native fruit with potential health effects associated with its high content and peculiar profile of polyphenols. The aim of this work was to produce spray dried extracts from Eugenia dysenterica fruit comparing gum arabic (GA) and inulin as carrier agents and to evaluate the effect of different drying conditions on the physical properties of the resulting powders. The inlet air temperature (120 °C, 140 °C and 160 °C) and concentrations of carrier agents (10%, 20% and 30%) were tested. Samples were evaluated for moisture content, water activity, hygroscopicity, solubility, glass transition temperature, color and particle morphology, and results were subjected to response surface methodology. A freeze-dried sample was used for comparison. A better yield was observed when using GA as carrier agent. Regarding the moisture content and water activity of the powders, all samples showed better values than those presented by the freeze-dried sample. The spray drying process increased the solubility and reduced the hygroscopicity of the samples. The glass transition temperature was more affected by temperature in case of samples with GA; in contrast, the concentration of carrier agent was the parameter that most influenced the samples spray-dried with inulin. The morphology of the particles was affected by both the carrier concentration and temperature.

Keywords
GA, gum arabic; C, concentration of carrier agents (%); T, inlet air temperature; aw, water activity; M, moisture content; S, solubility; H, hygroscopicity; Tg, glass transition temperature; L, lightness; SEM, scanning electron microscopy; a*, redness; b*
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 97, January 2016, Pages 20–29
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us