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In vivo corrosion and corrosion protection of magnesium alloy LAE442 ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1906 94 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
In vivo corrosion and corrosion protection of magnesium alloy LAE442 ☆
Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether the extruded magnesium alloy LAE442 reacts in vivo with an appropriate host response and to investigate how an additional magnesium fluoride (MgF2) coating influences the in vivo corrosion rate. Forty cylinders were machined from extruded LAE442 and 20 of these were coated additionally with MgF2 and implanted into the medial femur condyle of adult rabbits. Synchrotron-radiation-based X-ray computed micro-tomography (SRμCT) was used to quantitatively analyse corrosion non-destructively in vivo and comparisons were made to magnesium degradation rates based on area measurements of the remaining metal on uncalcified sections. Blood concentrations of the alloying elements were measured below toxicological limits. The MgF2 layer was no longer detected after 4 weeks of implantation by particle-induced gamma emission, and the MgF2 coating reduced the blood content of alloying elements during the first 6 weeks of implantation with no elevated fluoride concentration in the adjacent bone. Histopathological examinations of liver showed in 9 out of 40 cases minimal infiltrations of heterophil granulocytes of unknown origin (5 LAE442, 4 LAE442 + MgF2). The kidneys were mainly regular in structure. The synovial tissue showed a granular cell infiltration as a temporary observation in the LAE442 + MgF2 group after 2 weeks. No subcutaneous gas cavities were observed clinically and on postoperative X-rays in all animals. All specimens were scanned by SRμCT at 2, 4, 6 and 12 weeks postoperatively before uncalcified sections were performed. All magnesium implants have been observed in direct bone contact and without a fibrous capsule. Localized pitting corrosion occurred in coated and uncoated magnesium implants. This study shows that the extruded magnesium alloy LAE442 provides low corrosion rates and reacts in vivo with an acceptable host response. The in vivo corrosion rate can be further reduced by additional MgF2 coating.

Keywords
Biodegradation; Magnesium; Corrosion; Micro-tomography; Imaging
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In vivo corrosion and corrosion protection of magnesium alloy LAE442 ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 6, Issue 5, May 2010, Pages 1792–1799
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us