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Studies into the swelling of gelatine films using a scanning fluid dynamic gauge

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19148 43046 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Studies into the swelling of gelatine films using a scanning fluid dynamic gauge
Abstract

Fluid dynamic gauging (FDG) has been developed to measure both the thickness and strength (cohesive or adhesive) of a range of fouling deposits, in situ and in real time. We report the development of a scanning FDG device (sFDG) with fully automated movement and deposit thickness measurement. Thickness-time profiles can be collected for several points on the surface over the course of a single experiment. sFDG is employed here to study the cleaning kinetics of model gelatine fouling layers when contacted with aqueous solutions at different pHs and temperatures, and with a commercial dishwasher formulation containing enzymes.Solution pH is an important parameter: above ∼pH 10.6 the gelatine layers swell markedly, due to protonation of the amino acids proline and hydroxyproline, and subsequent charge repulsion within the gel. An unusual behaviour (discontinuity) is reported during swelling in the commercial formulation. It is proposed that hydration of the deposit and an extent of swelling (ratio of the final to the initial deposit thickness) of ∼12 is necessary before the enzymes can promote deposit removal.

Research highlights▶ Automated scanning fluid dynamic gauge for layer thickness and strength measurement allowing several locations on a surface to be studied concurrently. ▶ Effect of temperature and pH on gelatine swelling studied both at fixed conditions and in sweep mode, where these parameters are adjusted in situ. ▶ Swelling of gelatine layers in aqueous alkaline enzyme solutions shows discontinuity (attributed to layer breakdown) at a swelling ratio of ∼12.

Keywords
CIP, cleaning-in-place; FDG, fluid dynamic gauging; RO, reverse osmosis; sFDG, scanning fluid dynamic gauging; SS, stainless steelCleaning; Deposit; Enzyme; Fluid dynamic gauge; Gelatine; Swelling
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Studies into the swelling of gelatine films using a scanning fluid dynamic gauge
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 88, Issue 4, December 2010, Pages 357–364
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us