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Optimization of supercritical CO2 extraction of Anastatica hierochuntica

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19197 43049 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Optimization of supercritical CO2 extraction of Anastatica hierochuntica
Abstract

Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to optimize the variables affecting the supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction of non-polar compounds from Anastatica hierochuntica using the Central Composite Design technique (CCD). Independent variables were temperature (32–46 °C) and pressure (22–46 MPa). Dependent variables were the percentage of the content of hexadecanoic acid, 9,12-octadecadienoic acid, heneicosane and heptacosane. Pressure was the most significant parameter that affected the content of the compounds. The hexadecanoic and 9,12-octadecadienoic content decreased while heneicosane and heptacosane increased with pressure. A number of choices can be run either at low pressure and low temperature or at low pressure and high temperature in order to optimize extraction of the selected compounds. Extraction either at low temperature (33 °C) and low pressure (25.6 MPa), or at high temperature (42 °C) and low pressure (22.0 MPa) maximized the yield of hexadecanoic, 9,12-octedecanoic, heneicosane and heptacosane.

Keywords
Supercritical carbon dioxide; Anastatica hierochuntica; Optimization; Central Composite Design; Response surface methodology
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 87, Issue 2, June 2009, Pages 152–158
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us