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A combined approach to optimize the drying process of flavonoid-rich leaves (Inga edulis) using experimental design and mathematical modelling

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19231 43052 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
A combined approach to optimize the drying process of flavonoid-rich leaves (Inga edulis) using experimental design and mathematical modelling
Abstract

The process of drying of the leaves of Inga edulis, a flavonoid-rich plant from Amazonia, was optimised in a forced convection dryer by combining experimental design and mathematical modelling. First, the monolayer moisture content was determined by hygroscopic studies at 25 °C and the value of this parameter (5.86 g/100 g dry matter) was fixed as a minimum to be achieved. Next, a 32 full-factorial design was applied, with temperature (40, 55 and 70 °C) and airflow velocity (0.6, 1.2 and 1.8 m/s) as the independent variables, the dependent variable being the drying time required to reduce the moisture content until the level determined in the monolayer was achieved. Nine kinetic models, with one to four parameters, were fitted to the experimental data. The fitting performance of these models was assessed using statistical criteria and, from these results, the Henderson and Pabis model was found to be sufficient to predict the monolayer drying times. Subsequently, a multiple linear regression was carried out by applying a second-order model to describe the relationship between the independent and dependent variables, which established the adequacy of this model (R2 > 0.97) and, thus, the applicability of the combined statistical and mathematical approaches. Finally, an experimental domain that could minimise the drying times (time < 40 min) was determined. An experimental validation of the model was accomplished in a point of this domain and good agreement was found between the experimental and predicted values. Moreover, no flavonol degradation was observed, whereas a loss of 19.4% for the total flavanols was found.

Keywords
Inga edulis; Thin-layer drying; Statistical approach; Antioxidant capacity; Sorption isotherm
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A combined approach to optimize the drying process of flavonoid-rich leaves (Inga edulis) using experimental design and mathematical modelling
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 89, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 39–46
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us