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Mass transfer modeling of equilibrium and dynamic periods during osmotic dehydration of radish in NaCl solutions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19243 43053 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Mass transfer modeling of equilibrium and dynamic periods during osmotic dehydration of radish in NaCl solutions
Abstract

Equilibrium and dynamic mass transfer properties of water and solute were investigated during osmotic dehydration (OD) of radish slices in sodium chloride (NaCl) solutions. OD experiments were performed in 0.05, 0.15 and 0.25 g/g solutions at different temperatures (25, 40, 55 and 70 °C) using a brine-to-vegetable mass ratio of 15:1. An analytical solution for unsteady-state mass transfer based on Fick's second law of diffusion was used to mathematically describe water loss and solute gain curves and for the simultaneous estimation of diffusion coefficients and final dehydration–impregnation levels in product. Under such experimental conditions, effective water diffusivity was in the range of 1.85–2.74 × 10−9 m2/s, whereas solute diffusivity values were between 0.74 × 10−9 and 2.88 × 10−9 m2/s. Corresponding dehydration and impregnation levels of radish at equilibrium were estimated between 0.25 and 0.81 g water/g fresh product and 0.01–0.11 g solute/g fresh product, respectively. As demonstrated, current results may be applied to determine the set of conditions (process time, brine concentration and process temperature) yielding an osmodehydrated radish product within given specifications.

► Radish slices were osmotically dehydrated in NaCl solutions. ► Osmotic dehydration (OD) data of radish were modeled with a diffusion model. ► Dynamic and equilibrium mass transfer properties of water and NaCl were evaluated. ► Effect of processing conditions on studied variables was assessed. ► Current results may be applied for the optimization of OD process of radish.

Keywords
Diffusion; Distribution coefficient; Mass transfer; Modeling; Osmotic dehydration; Radish
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Mass transfer modeling of equilibrium and dynamic periods during osmotic dehydration of radish in NaCl solutions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 91, Issue 3, July 2013, Pages 216–224
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us