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Intensification of surfactants’ synthesis by Rhodococcus erythropolis IMV Ac-5017, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus IMV B-7241 and Nocardia vaccinii K-8 on fried oil and glycerol containing medium

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19293 43057 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Intensification of surfactants’ synthesis by Rhodococcus erythropolis IMV Ac-5017, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus IMV B-7241 and Nocardia vaccinii K-8 on fried oil and glycerol containing medium
Abstract

Searching for the ways to process waste has become very topical today. Biotechnology is one of the most environmentally attractive methods, which has the ability to solve the problem of waste utilization and to produce the valuable microbial products, for example biosurfactants. We concluded that fried sunflower oil, oil-containing wastes (soapstock) and glycerol can be used for biosurfactant production by Rhodococcus erythropolis IMV Ac-5017, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus IMV B-7241 and Nocardia vaccinii K-8. Glucose addition (0.1%) into the medium with fried oil (2 vol.%) led to a 4-fold increase of final surfactant concentration (6.8 g/L). The simultaneous addition of fumarate and citrate (0.01–0.2%) into the IMV B-7241 and K-8 strains’ cultivating medium was accompanied by an increase of the exocellular biosurfactant quantity by 2–2.5-fold compared to the cultivation without organic acids. An increase in surfactant concentration of IMV B-7241 strain was the result of the simultaneous functioning of two anaplerotic pathways, also resulting in a 3–5-fold increase in activity of biosynthesis enzymes. Cultivating on a mixture of glycerol and n-hexadecane (0.5–1.0 vol.%) led to a 1.5–3-fold increasing surfactant synthesis. Biosurfactant preparations of IMV B-7241 (0.15–0.22 mg/mL) and IMV Ac-5017 (0.61–2.1 mg/mL) strains were effective against Escherichia coli IEM-1 (67% of cell loss), and vegetative (45–100% of cell loss) and spore (75% of spore loss) cells of Bacillus subtilis BT-2.

► The possibility of waste use for biosurfactant production was determined. ► Presence of fumarate and citrate intensified biosurfactant synthesis by 2.5-fold. ► C4-dicarboxylic acids enhanced activity of surfactant biosynthesis enzymes. ► Cultivation on mixture of substrates resulted in increased surfactants quantity. ► Surfactants were effective against Escherichia coli IEM-1 and Bacillus subtilis BT-2.

Keywords
Rhodococcus erythropolis IMV Ac-5017; Acinetobacter calcoaceticus IMV B-7241; Nocardia vaccinii K-8; Biosurfactant; Wastes; Biosynthesis intensification
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Intensification of surfactants’ synthesis by Rhodococcus erythropolis IMV Ac-5017, Acinetobacter calcoaceticus IMV B-7241 and Nocardia vaccinii K-8 on fried oil and glycerol containing medium
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 91, Issue 2, April 2013, Pages 149–157
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us