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Thin layer drying kinetics of Gundelia tournefortii L.

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19341 43059 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Thin layer drying kinetics of Gundelia tournefortii L.
Abstract

The literature surveyed revealed that the drying kinetics of Gundelia tournefortii has not been investigated. In this study, mathematical modeling of the thin layer drying kinetics of G. tournefortii is investigated for both the microwave and open sun drying conditions. Five different microwave power levels ranging from 90 to 800 W were used for the microwave drying. Solar radiation for the open sun drying varied from 350 to 1100 W/m2. Drying took place in the falling rate period. Increasing the microwave power caused a significant decrease in drying time. The experimental moisture loss data were fitted to the 14 thin layer drying models. Among the models proposed, the Midilli model precisely represented the microwave drying behavior of G. tournefortii with the coefficient of determination higher than 0.996 and mean square of deviation (χ2), root mean square error (RMSE) and mean bias error (MBE) lower than 1.82 × 10−4, 12 × 10−3 and 1.4 × 10−4, respectively for all the microwave drying conditions studied. Values of drying constant (k) were in the range of 0.0098–0.2943 min−1 and the effective moisture diffusivities (Deff) of G. tournefortii ranged from 5.5 × 10−8 to 3.5 × 10−7 m2/s. The values of k and Deff increased with the increase of microwave power level. The logarithmic model was found to best describe the open sun drying kinetics of G. tournefortii. The effective diffusivity of G. tournefortii under the sun drying condition was determined as 2.48 × 10−10 m2/s.

► Drying took place in the falling rate period. ► The semi-theoretical Midilli et al. model and the logarithmic model were the best models describing the microwave drying behavior of Gundelia tournefortii under microwave and sun drying conditions respectively. ► Values of drying constants were in the range of 0.0098–0.2943 min−1. ► The effective moisture diffusivities of G. tournefortii under microwave range of 90–800 W were in the range of 0.55 × 10−7 to 3.5 × 10−7 m2/s while it was determined as 2.48 × 10−10 m2/s under open sun drying. ► The moisture diffusivity of G. tournefortii is higher when compared with that of some other plants found in the literature under similar drying conditions.

Keywords
Gundelia tournefortii L.; Thin layer drying models; Microwave drying; Open sun drying; Drying kinetics
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Thin layer drying kinetics of Gundelia tournefortii L.
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 90, Issue 2, April 2012, Pages 323–332
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us