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Finite element simulation for coffee (Coffea arabica) drying

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19343 43059 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Finite element simulation for coffee (Coffea arabica) drying
Abstract

This paper describes moisture diffusivity, shrinkage, equilibrium moisture content and finite element simulated drying of coffee. The moisture diffusivities in different components of parchment coffee were determined by minimizing the sum of square of deviations between the predicted and the experimental values of moisture contents during thin layer drying under controlled conditions of drying air temperature and relative humidity. The drying of coffee bean and parchment was conducted in thin layers at a temperature of 40, 50 and 60 °C with relative humidity in the range of 14–25%. The mean diffusivity values of coffee bean and parchment are related to the temperatures and are expressed by Arrhenius-type equations. The moisture diffusivities of parchment are lower than those of the coffee bean. The shrinkage of coffee bean derived from experiments is expressed as a function of moisture reduction. GAB model is sufficient for the prediction for sorption isotherm of parchment coffee and the parameters of the GAB model are a function of temperature and it is expressed by Arrhenius-type equations. Sensory evaluation of the coffee dried at 40, 50 and 60 °C shows that the overall acceptance by coffee cupping test and the concentration of caffeine is within the acceptable limit. A two-dimensional finite element model was developed for simulate moisture diffusion during drying process of parchment coffee. The finite element model was programmed in Compaq Visual FORTRAN version 6.5. The model simulates the moisture contents in different components of parchment coffee well and it provides a better understanding of the transport processes in the different components of the parchment coffee.

► Finite element simulation for coffee drying was developed. ► Diffusivities of the different components of parchment coffee were determined. ► The equilibrium moisture contents of parchment coffee were verified. ► The shrinkage of coffee bean was determined.

Keywords
Drying; Parchment coffee; Finite element; Moisture diffusivity; Simulation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 90, Issue 2, April 2012, Pages 341–350
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us