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Growth and kinetics of Lactobacillus plantarum in the fermentation of edible Irish brown seaweeds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19379 43062 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Growth and kinetics of Lactobacillus plantarum in the fermentation of edible Irish brown seaweeds
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to see the applicability of using brown edible seaweeds as a sole source of nutrition for the growth of lactic acid bacteria. Growth kinetics of lactic acid bacteria (LAB; Lactobacillus plantarum) was studied using three species of edible Irish brown seaweeds Himanthalia elongata, Laminaria digitata and Laminaria saccharina. As part of the screening process, growth of the LAB was carried out on raw and heat treated forms of seaweeds. The seaweed species in their raw state could not support the growth of L. plantarum. Heat treatment resulted in almost 4 times increase in the total sugar content in L. digitata and L. saccharina broth which allowed the growth of L. plantarum for 24 h after which the cell number started decreasing. The Laminaria spp. contains a high content of laminaran polysaccharide which can be fermented by LAB. In case of H. elongata, neither raw nor heat treated forms could be fermented; even though the total sugar content increased 4.6 times upon the application of heat. Kinetics of cell growth, lactic acid and acetic acid production was evaluated at different agitation rates in heat treated seaweeds. A maximum log CFU/ml of 10 was achieved at the end of 16–24 h of fermentation for L. saccharina and L. digitata, respectively. The cell growth increased and lactic acid accumulation decreased as the agitation speed was increased from 0 to 100 rpm. Maximum lactic acid accumulation of 2.5 g/l was achieved under static (0 rpm) conditions. The production of acetic acid was very minimal during the entire course of fermentation. Experimental data was mathematically modelled to optimize the cell growth and lactic acid production with respect to the different rotation conditions. The results of this study present an indication of the potential of fermentation of seaweeds using LAB with a possibility towards the development of a range of functional foods.

Research highlights▶ Edible Irish seaweeds were used for growth of lactic acid bacteria. ▶ Heat treated seaweeds were better for fermentation by Lactobacillus plantarum. ▶ Kinetics of growth and lactic acid were studied under varied agitation conditions. ▶ Growth and acidification was better in fermentation under static conditions. ▶ Present study indicates the potential of developing seaweed based functional foods.

Keywords
Fermentation; Lactic acid; Edible brown seaweed; Heat processing; Mathematical modelling
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Growth and kinetics of Lactobacillus plantarum in the fermentation of edible Irish brown seaweeds
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 89, Issue 4, October 2011, Pages 346–355
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us