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Experimental modelling of infrared drying of industrial grape by-products

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19422 43064 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Experimental modelling of infrared drying of industrial grape by-products
Abstract

The thin-layer infrared drying behaviour of industrial grape by-products was experimentally investigated in the temperature range from 100 to 160 °C. The drying rate was found to increase with temperature, thus reducing the total drying time. In particular, as drying temperature was raised from 100 °C up to 160 °C, the time period needed to reduce the moisture content of the sample from 204.32% down to 38.89% by weight (dry basis) decreased from 60.5 to 21 min.Using a non-linear regression (Marquart's method) together with a multiple regression analysis, a mathematical model for the thin-layer infrared drying process of wet grape residues was proposed. The values for the diffusivity coefficients at each temperature were obtained using Fick's second law of diffusion. They varied from 11.013 × 10−9 to 26.050 × 10−9 m2/s along the temperature range. The temperature dependence of the effective diffusivity coefficient was expressed by an Arrhenius type relationship. Activation energy for the moisture diffusion was determined as 19.27 kJ/mol.

Keywords
Industrial grape by-products; Infrared drying; Moisture-ratio models; Statistical test; Activation energy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 87, Issue 4, December 2009, Pages 247–253
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us