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Activity-loss characteristics of spores of Bacillus thuringiensis during spray drying

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
19467 43067 2008 6 PDF Available
Title
Activity-loss characteristics of spores of Bacillus thuringiensis during spray drying
Abstract

Survival of spores of Bacillus thuringiensis was determined under various processing conditions for spray drying. The results indicated that the viable spores number of B. thuringiensis decreased with increased inlet air temperature, outlet air temperature and atomising air pressure. When the inlet air temperature ranged from 170 °C to 250 °C, the outlet air temperature (75 °C) and atomising air pressure (0.15 MPa) were fixed, the pseudo-z value (one logarithmic cycle reduction) was 238.1 °C; when the outlet air temperature ranged from 65 °C to 95 °C, the inlet air temperature (200 °C) and atomising air pressure (0.15 MPa) were fixed, the pseudo-z value was 85.5 °C, the activation energy calculated according to the outlet air temperature was 59.96 kJ mol−1; when the atomising air pressure ranged from 0.10 MPa to 0.25 MPa, the inlet air temperature (200 °C) and outlet air temperature (75 °C) were fixed, the pseudo-z value was 3.49 MPa, the variance analysis showed that the atomising air pressure has no significant influence to the spores. The diluting solutions between Tween-80 solution and phosphate buffer have significant influence on the plate count of spores.The B. thuringiensis powder prepared by spray drying with inlet air temperature 250 °C, outlet air temperature 97 °C, the spores count of powder decreased obviously. But when the inlet air temperature of 155–165 °C, outlet air temperature of 66–70 °C were employed, the spores count of powder approaches to that of freeze drying powder. The spores count of oven drying powder was lower than that of the freeze drying powder, but close to the spray drying powder which inlet air temperature was 200 °C, outlet air temperature was 75 °C.

Keywords
Bacillus thuringiensis; Spores; Activity-loss; Spray drying
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Activity-loss characteristics of spores of Bacillus thuringiensis during spray drying
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 86, Issue 1, March 2008, Pages 37–42
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us