fulltext.study @t Gmail

Superior in vitro biological response and mechanical properties of an implantable nanostructured biomaterial: Nanohydroxyapatite–silicone rubber composite

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1949 95 2009 12 PDF Available
Title
Superior in vitro biological response and mechanical properties of an implantable nanostructured biomaterial: Nanohydroxyapatite–silicone rubber composite
Abstract

A potential approach to achieving the objective of favorably modulating the biological response of implantable biopolymers combined with good mechanical properties is to consider compounding the biopolymer with a bioactive nanocrystalline ceramic biomimetic material with high surface area. The processing of silicone rubber (SR)–nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) composite involved uniform dispersion of nHA via shear mixing and ultrasonication, followed by compounding at sub-ambient temperature, and high-pressure solidification when the final curing reaction occurs. The high-pressure solidification approach enabled the elastomer to retain the high elongation of SR even in the presence of the reinforcement material, nHA. The biological response of the nanostructured composite in terms of initial cell attachment, cell viability and proliferation was consistently greater on SR–5 wt.% nHA composite surface compared to pure SR. Furthermore, in the nanocomposite, cell spreading, morphology and density were distinctly different from that of pure SR. Pre-osteoblasts grown on SR–nHA were well spread, flat, large in size with a rough cell surface, and appeared as a group. In contrast, these features were less pronounced in SR (e.g. smooth cell surface, not well spread). Interestingly, an immunofluorescence study illustrated distinct fibronectin expression level, and stronger vinculin focal adhesion contacts associated with abundant actin stress fibers in pre-osteoblasts grown on the nanocomposite compared to SR, implying enhanced cell–substrate interaction. This finding was consistent with the total protein content and SDS–PAGE analysis. The study leads us to believe that further increase in nHA content in the SR matrix beyond 5 wt.% will encourage even greater cellular response. The integration of cellular and molecular biology with materials science and engineering described herein provides a direction for the development of a new generation of nanostructured materials.

Keywords
Silicone rubber elastomer; Nanohydroxyapatite; Nanostructured composite; Pre-osteoblasts; Cellular response
First Page Preview
Superior in vitro biological response and mechanical properties of an implantable nanostructured biomaterial: Nanohydroxyapatite–silicone rubber composite
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 5, Issue 7, September 2009, Pages 2668–2679
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us