Optimal Simultaneous Design and Operational Planning of Vegetable Extraction Processes
A general multiperiod linear optimization model is proposed in this study that targets the simultaneous design and operation planning decisions of a multiproduct batch plant for the production of vegetable extracts. A multiperiod environment is considered because of the market and/or seasonal fluctuations. Thereby, the model considers changes from period to period of demands, costs, prices and raw materials supplies. The objective function maximizes the net present value of the profit considering incomes, investments and resources costs, and both product and raw material inventory costs. In the plant design problem, the sequence of operations is already defined and the pursued goal is to determine both unit sizes and its configuration in the plant. Besides the usual duplication in parallel option, a novel design alternative is included which allows adding units in series to perform a given operation. The optimal design is determined by taking into account available discrete sizes of units which corresponds to the real procurement of equipments. The model is formulated by using the linear generalized disjunctive programming (LGDP). A particular plant that produces oleoresins (solvent extracts of herbs and spices) is used to illustrate the proposed approach. Nevertheless, the developed model is general and can thus be applied to any vegetable extraction process.
Journal: Food and Bioproducts Processing - Volume 85, Issue 4, December 2007, Pages 360–371